Nutrition to lower LDL, increase HDL Cholesterol

Cholesterol Reducing Foods

Plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and extra virgin olive oil are heart healthy and can be utilized to reduce cholesterol. By changing the way you eat total cholesterol can be reduced by 5 to 10 percent. Eat foods in which the skins can be consumed too. Consider the importance of monounsaturated fats like nuts and certain oils (replacing saturated fats all animal products: ice cream, butter, dressings.)

The soluble fiber found in fruits and veggies reduces absorption of cholesterol in your intestines, then binds bile (which contains cholesterol) and dietary cholesterol so that the body excretes it.

FRUIT 4 servings/day Great for Reduction: apples, prunes, pears, plum, apricots. Choose fruits whose skin can be eaten. Fruits with membranes or seeds are also helpful: oranges, grapefruit, pomegranates.

VEGGIES 5 servings/day Great for Reduction: Any leafy green, introducing roughage into the diet: broccoli, rapini, kale, collard greens, spinach, lettuce. Other helpful vegetables: avocado, garlic, beans. Soluble fiber.

WHOLE GRAINS 7-8 serving /day (1 serving size is 1 ounce) also Barley and Oats, Bran, Flaxseed!!! Soluble fiber.
Fish, Lean Meat, Poultry 2 servings/day. 3-4 ounces per serving (Eat more Fish which contains healthy omega 3 and 6 oils.)
Nuts about 1 tbsp 4 times a week. Walnuts, Almonds. (Monounsaturated fats.)
OILS 3 tbsp per day Extra Virgin Olive Oil is a monounsaturated fat and contributes to raising HDL (healthy cholesterol) and causes LDL cholesterol to be reduced.
Water 8 glasses / day

REDUCE LDL (Lousy Cholesterol)

The best way to reduce LDL and triglyceride levels is through Aerobic Exercise. By doing so you are telling your body what to do with the extra calories and creating healthy blood flow in your blody. This can be done by swimming, walking, jogging, rollerbladding. The idea is to move cholesterol deposits by increasing your heart rate, which will in turn cause blood vessels to dialate and blood to push through the body.

Reduce bread servings to 6 servings a day and alcohol consumption to every other day can both play a factor in reducing triglyceride levels.

Increase HDL (Healthy Cholesterol)

Food choices also play a critical part in reducing LDL and increasing HDL including substituting new flavors for old preferences; replacing dressing with extra virgin olive oil, seeds and pepper to your salads, providing your vessels with the necessary elasticity that they need (healthy mono and poly unsaturated fats.) Since oils are are fluid at room temperature  they will not clot your arteries the way that saturated fats found in butters and dressings will. Pan fried chicken with a small amount of canola oil, then turned in garlic, Marsala, seasoned with spices introduces potassium, and vasoldilators allicin and a touch of alcohol to open vessels and allow nutrients to function and remove unwanted blockage.

Its your body, Know the Healing Power of Food and make choices to improve your health for a living a longer and stronger life.  

By: Kimberly Crocker

For more information:

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cholesterol/CL00002

http://www.bddiabetes.com/us/main.aspx?cat=1&id=496

Reducing Triglycerides and Cholesterol

FOLLOW UP WITH: Cholesterol and Triglyceride Reducing Foods

Understanding Triglycerides in the correct amount   The body needs a supply of two types of  lipids/fats that circulate in our blood stream: triglycerides and cholesterol. Triglycerides are made in the liver and stored in fat cells, playing a key role in energy for muscle function. While this article in brief, takes a closer look at triglycerides it is equally important to keep its partner in mind, cholesterol, which is key for muscle cell membrane and making of hormone’s.  The liver builds triglycerides by using a glucose (sugar) with three fatty acids attached to it, however they can be made without food consumption as well.  After triglycerides are built, they can be stored in the liver, or sent to and stored within muscles.

     Three functions, of triglycerides are:
  1. Energy for all parts of the body.
  2. Insulation to help keep the body in homeostasis (balance of temperature).
  3. Provide adequate nutrition when we are sick, delivering fat vitamins (K, A, D, E).

How it works:  The liver creates triglycerides as stored energy. When energy levels become low, the hormone glucagon orders the fatty acids to be broken off of the sugar base. The sugar and fatty acids can both then enter energy production cycles

Cause and Effect:  The calorie is a measurement of heat energy. Carbohydrates and proteins contain only 4 calories per gram. Fats contain 9 calories per gram, thus providing the body with more than twice the amount of energy as sugars and proteins.  Triglycerides are the most concentrated form of energy found within the body, producing more than twice the amount of energy per gram than other forms of energy (protein and carbohydrates), which is why the body can store large amounts of triglycerides.

Clearing up the confusion:  Keep in mind that triglycerides are stored in fat cells and some muscle cells. While your body prefers to use fat as the main energy source, it should represent less than 30 percent of your diet. High-fat diets leave you at risk of obesity.  Your blood value must be <150 (less than 150).  More than 150 puts an individual at risk.

Fish, fruits, vegetables promote HDL Cholesterol to reduce LDL Cholesterol

An excess of triglycerides causes fat buildup in the liver and around the muscles, causing an increase in body fat percentage. Triglycerides are the most common type of fat found in your body and blood plasma. The body absorbs and uses all the energy consumed from food eaten throughout the day, getting rid of anything it cannot use turning it into triglycerides, storing them in your fat deposits.  As a body takes in more food than it can store, the unused food is stored as triglycerides in lipid cells, the more that this happens, the bigger the risk for the build up in the system, placing the individual at risk for diabetes, strokes and heat attacks.

Foods to eliminate in dietary intake in order to reduce triglyceride levels are:  Alcohol, Dairy, Pork, White Breads, Reduce Red Meat to 3 ounces twice a week.  

Read More: Remove Alcohol For Quick Weight Loss 

Food Pyramid for improved Health

Include these foods for improved Triglycerides Cholesterol and Triglyceride Reducing Foods and learn more about how to balance your meals by following Dietary Serving Guidelines . Increase Fish: Salmon, Anchovies, Sardines, Herring, Mackerel intake 4 times a week to improve quality of Omega 3 (healthy fat) and protein. By introducing fish into your lifestyle, the body responds to a fat that is easier to break down with protein that the organs need in order to have improved function. For fiber include 4 servings of Fruit and 5-7 servings of vegetables a day. Quality of vitamins and minerals is critical to a reduction of unwanted food that would otherwise by stored as triglycerides in fat (lipid) cells.  By doing so you can keep your HDL Cholesterol >70, the LDL Cholesterol <120 and Triglycerides <150.

Recipes to include in your diet

Tuna Steak

Roasted Pepper and Carrot Soup

Lemon Infused Chicken or Fish

Written by:  Kim Crocker Scardicchio

The Olive Tree

A handful of olives each day improves the health of the body.

The history of the sacred olive tree’s goodness extends from peace offerings between “The Powers” of countries and cities, to its fruit’s medicinal benefits.  Before presenting how the olive is processed, enjoy some trivia on the olive tree and it’s influence on society.

  1. Genesis states that Noah received an olive branch from a dove once the flood waters receded. Christians continue with the tradition of exchanging small olive branches as a sign of peace one week before Easter.
  2. The name Athena is said to bare the name of the Olive Tree with the Olympic Crown being made of olive branches.
  3. Olympians  and other individuals used olive oil to make their skin more supple.
  4. Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) is used as a medicine in order to improve healthy cholesterol (HDL) and reduce the bad cholesterol (LDL). The quality of nutrient’s work as a hammer and chisel, helping to reduce plaque build up in veins and arteries.
  5. Thousands of  years of history and research have shown the importance of olive oil. World history indicates that in 2000 b.c. Egyptian’s imported Olive Oil from Crete, Syria and Canaan.

Generations of farmers and their  knowledge on handling of the fruit is passed down through time and right to our kitchens where the tree of life provides us with vitamins and minerals that satisfy our bodies keeping them healthy and strong.

EVOO a.k.a. Liquid Gold

Homer called it “Liquid Gold” and so the name stuck since Greek times. Extra Virgin Olive Oil, a name from “Oleum” (oil ) Gk and “Elaion” (olive tree ) Gk, originates from “El’yon” (meaning superior) Gk. Todays largest producers of Olive Oil are: Spain, Italy and Greece. Spain & Italy perform multiple presses on olives, while Greece is the number one  producer of Extra Virgin Olive Oil (a single first press).

Olive trees are pruned yearly. The height of fruit production is 20-25 years per branch and then it is removed. By alternating the cultivation of branch shoots, olive trees can live 300-600 years.

Olives await their press

In late fall and early winter, large nets are spread around the tree, olives are combed from the branches with rakes, combs or shakers, then placed into a large wagon. They await their press within the first 24 hours of being collected. The olives are removed from the wagon and elevated into a wash bin, separated from leaves and insects, ready for press.

Old olive press

Olive presses have evolved over time! Two stone wheels once stood vertically to each other with a large pole balancing them in the center. A donkey was roped onto the pole and would walk in circles, causing the wheel to rotate and press the olives, resulting in a beautiful green ribbon oil streaming from the attached siphon. Archaeologists found 100 olive oil presses dating back to 1600 b.c. in “the fertile crescent”, the stomping grounds of Lebanon, Israel and Palestine. The ancient presses would have produced between 1,000 to 3,000 tons of olive oil per season.

Once in press, the water and oil are separated from the olive.

Today olives are more easily pressed with their oil extracted and water being separated from the fruit. There are 3 presses performed on a single olive in modern times. Description of “Cold Press Oil” is reference to when the olives were obtained and pressed; November-January for most countries north of the equator! Looking through the screen, one can observe the pressing of the olives! The filaments are an earth color, soon to come out yellow-green as the pits and olive skin are sorted from the oil.

Olives endure 3 presses. The virgin press has the highest quality of nutrients and is dark yellow-green in color.

Extra Virgin Olive Oil has a color of dark yellow-green and holds a superior quality in vitamins and minerals. It is preferred to NOT HEAT EVOO, but instead use it on fresh on salads, vegetables and breads. Second press, a pale yellow oil, is used for low-heat sautéing of garlic & onion, a precedent to sauce making. Third press, yields clear oil, considered a poor quality with very few nutrients, often combined with a pat of butter for frying. Understanding olive oil and how or why it is used in various recipes provides one an opportunity to achieve the best dietary results in keeping a  family healthy.

1 serving a vegetables= 4 olives. Replace butter intake with EVOO to improve skin

Europe has many wonderful olive orchards.  A special thanks to Villa Maiano (Florence, Italy) and an opportunity to visit to their Olive Orchard and access to their farm.  http://www.fattoriadimaian​o.com/en/

Recipes

Recipes for Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO)
DRESSING or DIP:

  • Whisk together 1 Tbsp EVOO, 1/2 Tbsp balsamic Vinegar, pinch of salt and pepper, 1 tsp parmesan cheese and serve on baguette or salad.
  • Vegetable salad. 1 tomato diced, 1 cucumber peeled and diced, olives, 1/2 c. arugula leaves. Combine with 1 Tbsp EVOO, pinch of pepper and oregano.
  • Salmon and Mozzarella
  • Cucumber Guacamole Dip

Recipes for Second Press Olive Oil

Recipes for Third Press or Light Olive Oil

OLIVE OIL can be used by itself  in place of facial creams.  Please read more and learn how to save money be making your own home remedy; a daily application before bed time is enough to improve skin.  Home Remedy Facial! Stimulate Your Skins Collagen & Elastin
Written by Kimberly Crocker Scardicchio

Calcium and Vitamin D changes LDL & HDL Numbers

“In a recent study, women with low calcium intake were given either a calcium + vitamin D supplement or placebo in conjunction with a 15-week weight-loss program. Those who received the calcium + vitamin D supplement had a greater tendency for beneficial changes in LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and total cholesterol levels.

Calcium and vitamin D supplements enhance health benefits of weight loss
Research has demonstrated that overweight individuals with low calcium and dairy intakes have an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome. Naturally, this suggests that adequate calcium intake could create a healthier metabolic profile ” one more similar to a balanced diet and regular exercise.
In a recent study, researchers explored this possibility by testing cardiovascular health indicators after long-term calcium supplementation in women with usual low calcium intake. Healthy overweight or obese women with a daily calcium intake of less than 800 mg per day were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: group A received two tablets/day of a calcium + vitamin D supplement (600 mg elemental calcium and 200 IU vitamin D/tablet), while group B received a placebo. Both groups completed a 15-week reduced calorie weight-loss program.
Significant decreases in LDL cholesterol levels, as well as improvements in the ratios of total to LDL and LDL to HDL cholesterol were seen the calcium + vitamin D group. These changes were independent of changes due to fat loss and reduced waist circumference. Tendencies for more beneficial changes in HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and total cholesterol were also observed in the calcium + vitamin D group.

This study demonstrates that adequate consumption of calcium and vitamin D during weight loss enhances other beneficial effects of body weight loss on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight women with previously low calcium intake. ” Literature Referece:American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 85, No. 1, 54-59, January 2007

 

Meal Plan for Optimal Glucose Levels (Diabetes)

Obtain optimal blood glucose levels by Meal Planning. Diabetics learn to keep their insulin in balance through out the day. Like the Food Pyramid that most are familiar with following, diabetics also have their own food pyramid that they can refer to in order establish their diet.
Proper meal planning should include spacing out 5-6 smaller meals throughout the day to maintain steady blood sugar levels, so that consumption of food is every two hours. Contrastly, eating a big meal only once or twice a day can cause extreme high or low glucose levels. In addition, if the exercise regimen is changed, changes should be made to the diet accordingly, to maintain weight control and to control blood sugar levels.
For more information on  the impact of: Salt, Sugar and Alcohol

As you practice your diet, you will begin to learn different food combinations.


A combination to avoid at a single meal would be a plate with potatoes, corn, beans and a slice of bread. Your body will break down all four as breads, therefore, increasing your blood glucose levels. Whole grain breads are best to use (Aunt Milles Whole Grain, Multi Grain breads are good source and 2 slices equals 1 serving!) also providing protein compared to white breads.

Additionally, root vegetables (beets, potato, yam) are high in fructose content (natural sugar), as are oranges, bananas and pineapples. A better choice would be apples, pears, cherries and plums.

ALL FOODS CAN be eaten, but they must be monitored in serving size and combined properly at meals in order to reduce insulin output, which will result in lowering your blood glucose. Recent studies have shown that Oolong Tea can contribute the pancreas which in turn reduces the insulin output.  You can drink up to  6 cups a day.

Contact your doctor, dietitian or post a message to find out what your meal plan should reflect.
Mens’ daily servings of food could be 1/4 – double of what a daily serving size may be for women.

Daily Servings Per Food Group
Suggested Serving Size
3-4 servings of fruit
1 small fresh fruit, ½ cup canned or dry fruit, ½ cup cup fruit juice
1 ounce of nuts (28-30 individual nuts): Almonds, Walnuts, Hazelnuts, Peanuts, Soynuts

3-5 servings of vegetables
1 cup raw vegetables, ½ cup cooked vegetables, ½ cup tomato or vegetable juice

6-11 servings of breads whole grains, beans, and starchy vegetables (shoot for 6 servings a day) 1 slice bread, (recommend Aunt Millies breads. 2 slices = 1 bread serving!) ½ small bagel or English muffin, 1 6-inch tortilla, ½ cup cooked cereal or pasta

2-3 servings of milk and yogurt
1 cup milk or yogurt

2-3 servings of meat, cheese, fish, and other proteins
2-3 oz. Cooked lean meat, fish or poultry, 2-3 oz. cheese, 1 egg, 1/2 cup Tofu, Nuts

Sparing use of fats, oils, and sweets
A serving of fats and oils can be 1 tbsp. butter, margarine, oil or mayonnaise. A serving of sweets can be ½ cup ice cream or 2 small cookies.

Meal Plan Combining Foods (for optimal glucose levels)
The daily menu follows the theory presented that “All Foods Can Be Eaten, but must be monitored”. Salt is used and also substituted. Sugar is available within the meals, yet limited. Alcohol is allowed, but only a 1/2 glass. (try for every other day routine with alcohol consumption.)
drink plenty of water throughout the day, 64 fl oz or 8 8 oz glasses.

Breakfast
1 cup yogurt
1 slice whole grain bread with pat of butter
1/4 cup berries
1 6 oz c. coffee with sweetner

Snack am
apple
1 ounce nuts

Lunch
1 8 oz. Milk
2 slices bread
2 slices turkey
3 slices tomato
1 lettuce leaf
1 tsp mustard
1 tsp mayo
1 pear
small bag of pretzels

Snack pm
Nutrition Bar
carrot and celery sticks
1 8oz milk

Dinner
Lemon Water
1 5oz glass wine
4 oz fish (baked seasoned with salt substitute, capers, olive and cherry tomatoe slices)
steamed broccoli (tossed in tsp oil, garlic, pepper, Mrs. Dash salt substitute)
baked potato oive oil, rosemary, thyme, pepper, salt
whole grain dinner roll
apricot

Dessert
1 c. orange sorbet
1/2 c. ice cream
small slice of cake

For more information you can contact the call the American Diabetes Association at (800) 232-3472 and select “receive more information about diabetes”.
Diabetic Food Pyramid

By: Kimberly Crocker
http://www.diabetes.org/nutrition-and-recipes/nutrition/foodpyramid.jsp

Meal Plan

Therapeutic Lifestyle Change (TLC Diet)
To reduce Cholesterol problems and other symptoms of heart disease. Designed for everyone to have a Heart Healthy Day.

Fluids are equally important to a successful diet. Add 1-2 glasses of water with 1/2 to 1 whole lemon each day. Also drink 1-2 cups of Oolong tea each day. Oolong tea burns over 157% more fat than Green Tea and has become the most popular tea designed to accelerate weigh loss. 

  • Breakfast
    · Bread…. ½ cup oatmeal
    · Fruit……..Peach
    · Milk…….Non fat yogurt
  • Tea

Snack am
Fruit…..Banana
Bread…reduced fat graham cracker

Lunch
· (for caloric increase add small bag of baked chips or pretzels)
· Bread….2 slices whole-wheat bread,
· Protein…2 ounces lean turkey,
· Free….1 tablespoon mustard Chipotle
· Vegetable… lettuce and tomato
· Vegetable…Carrot sticks
* Fruit
· Milk….skim or 1%, Water or Tea

Snack pm
· Fruit…apple
· Protein…1 oz almonds (about 28 pieces)

Dinner
· Protein….3 ounces baked or broiled salmon (Omega 3 fat)
· Bread….1 cup cooked brown rice
· Vegetable…1 cup cooked broccoli
· Fat…1 tablespoon olive oil (used in cooking)
· Vegetable…Salad made with 1½ cups romaine lettuce, ½ cup tomatoes, ¼ cucumber,
· Fat…vinaigrette: Extra Virgin Olive Oil, balsamic vinegar, oregano, minced garlic
· Bread…1 slice multi grain Italian bread
· Fruit

Dessert
Sherbert
Cakes and cookies in moderation No more than 3 times per week.

Water or Tea

Include eight 8 oz glasses of fluids in your daily meal plan through out the day.

By: Kimberly Crocker

Omega 3,6,9

Once eaten, the body converts ALA to EPA and DHA. EPA and DHA are more readily used by the body. Extensive research indicates that omega-3 fatty acids reduce inflammation and help prevent certain chronic diseases such as heart disease and arthritis. http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/omega-3-000316.htm

When it comes to cancer prevention the jury is still out as there are some disagreements between the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

The good news though is that the Omega 3 reduces:

  • 1. Inflammation (specifically important for after surgery)
    2. Increases HDL (Healthy) Cholesterol specifically noted with the Mediterreanean Diet
    3. Lowers Blood Pressure
    4. Prevents heart disease and stroke
    5. Decreases risk of diabetes
    6. Eases arthritis pain
    7. Weightloss “staple” fat (instead of butter a Saturated Fat)
    8. Increase Calcium levels in the body
    9. Help nerve cells communicate for good mental health 10. Promotes wound healing in “Burn Patients”.
    11. Studies on Colon, Breast and Prostrate Cancer are being researched.
    http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/omega-3-000316.htm
By Kimberly Crocker